Archive for December, 2004

“生机论“的复活

Friday, December 31st, 2004

对于电脑来说,不管电脑是用什么材料造的,其计算行为的实质,不是结构的硬件,而是组织(也就是一种抽象控制结构)的软件。

那么生物体的“生命力,也似乎应当是存在于分子的组织之中,而不是在分子本身。

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虚拟身份-Virtual Identities

Monday, December 27th, 2004

身份(identity)个概念,一个重要的源起是理论中的“象征互动观”symbolic interactionism Perspective),由Erving Goffman而来. 这个学派的一些基本假设包括:转播经由创造共享的明显的象征符号而发生;自我是经过传播而建构;社会活动通过角色扮演的过程才成为可能。或者说:我们是他人的产物。

在公共的虚拟空间,身份是怎样被建构的呢? 

网络给了那些边缘化的群体以声音,对于残疾人,新移民或者极权统治下的独立知识分子,网上社区的建立就格外地重要。而这些声音和虚拟社区的总和可以帮助这些边缘化的人们在现有的权力社会结构下重新谈判与建构身份。

在这重新(通过虚拟空间)建构身份的过程中,原有的身份也被转换了。重要问题是:这样的身份转换,究竟是增强了,还是消弱了这些群体的社会责任呢?

Social software reading list

Thursday, December 23rd, 2004

Liz’s recommendation: mamamusings: social software reading list:

* Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software, by Steven Johnson.

* Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age, by Duncan Watts.

* Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution, by Howard Rheingold.

* Linked: The New Science of Networks, by Albert-Lszl Barabsi.

* Small Pieces Loosely Joined, by David Weinberger.

* “The Strength of Weak Ties,” by Mark Granovetter [from the American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 78, No. 6. (May, 1973), pp. 1360-1380.] RIT faculty can retrieve a PDF of this article by going to the JSTOR database via the RIT library, and searching for author=Granovetter and title=weak ties in the Sociology journals.

Some of the feedback suggestions are also interesting.

Clay Shirky: Flickr-as-web-services edition

Thursday, December 23rd, 2004

Clay wrote in Many-to-Many: Notes from ITP: Flickr-as-web-services edition:

“More importantly for social software generally, both the Flickr API and the inclusion of del.icio.us-style tags have turned Flickr into a service as well as a site. Both 24in48.org (24 people documenting 48 hours in NYC) and Bickr.com (photo contests) simply use Flickr as their back-end, as Flickr handles the uploading, tagging, and re-sizing, and has a fantastic set of APIs.”

Indochine

Thursday, December 23rd, 2004

依然记得无以伦比的结尾:

“你就是我的母亲。……怎么啦?”

“没有什么,鞋跟断了。”

她转过脸去,看着雾蒙蒙的日内瓦湖。(身后的旅馆里,一个国家正在诞生。)

D-Lib Article on RSS in Science Publishing

Wednesday, December 22nd, 2004

From Many-to-Many, you saw the link to The Role of RSS in Science Publishing: Syndication and Annotation on the Web; which was published in this month’s D-Lib Magazine.

“It gos on to provide an excellent overview of what RSS and syndication are and how they work, as well as relevant uses and implications for publishing. Well worth a read.” (thanks, Liz.)

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RSS: Show Me the Money

Saturday, December 18th, 2004

Adam L. Penenberg wrote on the Wired: “Lately there has been a lot of discussion on the net about how to make money off RSS, which, depending on whom you ask, stands for Really Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary, but which many publishers and bloggers hope will turn into a Really Sweet (revenue) Stream.”

‘连线“的相关文章,对RSS有全面的介绍。

Top 10 Weblog Tools in 2004

Friday, December 17th, 2004

Sheila wrote: “For more than 12 months, I’ve been visiting, trying out and reviewing several weblog tools – from aggregators (blog readers) to weblog software. With a lot of tools flooding the blogosphere right now, bloggers are bound to favor some over others. These are my top favorites for 2004.”

Extreme Blogging

Wednesday, December 15th, 2004

这是Forbes上介绍wiki的文章,只涉及到维基应用的浅层而已。

Netflix adds social networking

Tuesday, December 14th, 2004

From Smart Mobs: “Tim Finin points to interesting news from Online DVD rental leader Netflix, which is looking for ways to keep ahead of its competators.

In its latest move to fend off competitive threats, Netflix will let subscribers invite friends to peek at DVDs they’ve watched and read their opinions of the movies. If the invitation is accepted, the sender automatically gets reciprocal rights to read the friend’s lists and reviews.”